What are the components of your annual medical examination? (Part 1)

Importance of the annual medical examination

There are three important factors that play vital roles in your health maintenance: (1) adequate physical exercises, (2) well-balanced diet, and (3) submission to annual medical examination (AME). In previous Powertec articles, the first two factors have been well covered and adequately discussed that now the third factor needs to be given the same treatment and attention as the previous two.

The AME could be likened to a scanner which is used to examine and view the whole forest. The forest is composed of different trees, and you really do not know, at a certain time, which tree, or trees, has (have) problem(s). If you scan the whole forest, then you could find out the problematic trees, and, therefore, you could implement preventive measures which will slow down the worsening of their condition. By the same token, your body is composed of different parts and organs, and, at certain time, you really do not know which of your organs have problems. There are times when, without feeling any unpleasant experiences, some of your organs have been having problems. But because they are at the earliest stages of a disease, you do not feel anything bad, and you still feel good and alright.

Following the principles of preventive medicine, you need to have the AME so that your medical doctor will be properly guided on how to implement preventive measures for your health.Without the AME and without its results, your medical doctor will have a hard time knowing your future medical problems; he is lost in the jungle, so to speak; thus, he cannot implement preventive measures at the earliest possible time.

Parts of annual medical examination

History taking

If you will meet your medical doctor for the first time, this part of AME may take some time because he will build up your baseline data from zero. He will get general data from you, such as your name, age, address, place of work, and so on. This is followed by your past history, which is concerned with your past illnesses, previous hospitalizations and surgical operations; your personal history, which is concerned with your personal lifestyle and habits, such as drinking liquor, smoking cigarettes, and other practices and preoccupations which have detrimental effects on your health. Subsequently, your family history will be looked into, searching for the diseases which have been common in your family members, such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, bronchial asthma, and other diseases. You will asked about the cause(s) of deaths of thedeceased members of your family.

Physical examination

After takingdown your medical history, the medical doctor will then physically examine you. Through inspection, he will look at you, and note down all abnormalities. He will observe how you walk and smile; he will note the color of your skin, eyes, and your tongue. After inspection, he will do palpation wherein he places his hand over your chest,  abdomen or any part of your body, and he will feel for any abnormalities. This is followed by percussion wherein the medical doctor taps any part of your body through the use of his fingers, and feel for any change(s) in the sound emitted by the percussed organ(s). Through auscultation, he will listen to your heart, lungs, and abdomen by using his stethoscope. At the end of the four processes, he will collate all the data that he collected, and he will establish a working impression and tentative conclusion—whether you are totally okay or you have a medical problem.

(To be continued)

 

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