Complete blood count
Complete blood count (CBC) is a very simple laboratory procedure, but it could reveal a number ofongoing and persistingmedical problems. One important value that is shown in yourCBC is the hemoglobin content of your blood cell.If the hemoglobin value is below the normal ranges, then you are suffering from anemia;since anemia could only be a tip of an iceberg—so to speak—you might need other laboratory procedures which will help your medical doctor determine what has been causing it.
The other value included in the result of your CBC is the number of red blood cells (RBCs). As mentioned in the previous articles of Powertec, the RBCs transport the oxygen from the lungs and bring carbon dioxide to the lungs. If the number of RBCs is reduced, then you will have a problem in the transfer of both oxygen and carbon dioxide, and you will get tired so easily. You cannot participate in very strenuous activities. Similar to the hemoglobin value, reduction in the number of your RBCs means a lot; it could mean a serious disorder in the blood.
The number of white blood cells (WBCs) is also shown in your CBC. If the number is very much higher than the normal values, then it is possible that you are having infection. If very much lower than the normal values, then it could mean a disorder in the bone marrow—an organ of your body responsible for the production of the different cells of your blood.
The platelet count is also included. To let you know, the platelets are the cellular components of your blood which are needed for producing a clot when any one of your fingers or toes is cut. If your platelet count is low, you are prone to have excessive and prolonged bleeding; but the problem does not stop there; a low platelet count could mean a possible disorder in the bone marrow. In addition, if you have been experiencing moderate to high fever for the last few days, and if your platelet count is low, then it is possible that you are suffering from dengue fever, especially if you come from tropical countries.
If your RBC, WBC, and platelet count are all below the normal values, then the possibility of having problem in the bone marrow is very high. You need to consult a hematologist—an expert in the diseases of the blood.
When urinalysisis done, you need to collect your urine, and it will be submitted to the laboratory for examination within one hour from the time of collection. This laboratory procedure is very cheap and can be done in a short time; however, a lot of information can be gleaned from it.
Normally, RBCs are not found in the urine. However, if they are present, then a number of possibilities could be considered. One important problem that you may have is the presence of stone either in your kidney(s) and/or urinary bladder. However, your medical doctor will ask you more questions to firm up the consideration of this problem.
If, in addition to RBCs, you have pus cells in your urine over the normal values, then it is possible that you have infection in the kidneys and/or urinary bladder or both.This consideration is highly probable if bacteria are found in your urine. Again, your medical doctor may ask some more questions and/or require other tests to confirm and establish that you really have infection.
(To be continued)